Players in all sectors are adapting to disruptive changes in the competitive environment, consumers’ habits and public expectations.
According to PwC’s Global Entertainment & Media Outlook 2018-2022 (Outlook), the ongoing rapid evolution of the industry has entered a dynamic new phase. Amid growth that is broad-based and consistent – but unevenly distributed – three imperatives are affecting every company in the industry: convergence, connecting with consumers and the need to build trust.
“Convergence 3.0” is redefining the competitive playing field. Differing from earlier waves of convergence, it’s creating an ever-expanding group of “supercompetitors” and specialized, niche brands that are striving to secure the engagement and spending of increasingly demanding consumers.
As this wave of change plays out, the borders that once separated the entertainment and media, technology and telecom industries are dissolving. Large Internet access providers and delivery platforms are integrating vertically, and online giants are expanding horizontally into content.
Traditional segment distinctions are blurring – between print and digital, video games and sports, wireless and fixed access, cable and online, social and traditional media. In the process, business models are being reinvented so all companies can tap into new revenue streams and create relevance at scale. Some required capabilities include targeting fans and connecting more effectively with consumers to develop a membership mind-set.
Amid these changes and ongoing advances in technology, the challenge to build and sustain consumer and public trust is growing more critical and the pace of change will only accelerate.
All of this is happening against a backdrop of continued global growth in industry revenue. The Outlook – which provides revenue data and forecasts for 15 industry segments across 53 territories – projects that total global spending on entertainment and media will rise at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 4.4% over the next five years.
This boost will see the industry’s global revenue reach US$2.4 trillion in 2022, up from US$1.9 trillion in 2017.
Within this overall increase, the fastest revenue growth will be in digitally driven segments. Virtual reality will lead the way, albeit from a low base, at a five-year CAGR of 40.4%. OTT video follows at 10.1%. By contrast, newspapers and magazines will see revenues decline over the next five years. Books, radio and traditional TV and home video will each grow at a CAGR of less than 2%.
Even among the most dynamic segments, there are sharp differences among sub-segments. Although the video games and e-sports segment will grow at an overall CAGR of 7.2%, the e-sports component will leap by 20.6% compounded annually. Conversely, global recorded music is projected to rise at a robust 6.1% CAGR, but three of its sub-components – physical, downloads and ringtones/ringbacks – will see significant declines.
Global box office rose 4.3% in 2017, but fell in France, the US and Australia. Global TV advertising will grow at a CAGR of 2.7% through 2022, but fell, for the first time, in 2017. And although newspaper revenue is declining almost everywhere else, in India it will increase by close to US$1 billion by 2022.
Similar contrasts are evident in countries’ overall entertainment and media spending. The fastest-rising markets through 2022 will be Nigeria and Egypt, with total entertainment and media revenue growing at CAGRs of 21.1% and 17.2%, respectively, driven largely by surging spending on Internet access. But strip out Internet access, and India becomes the fastest-growing country, with a 10.4% CAGR, followed by Indonesia at 8.4%.
On the same measure, no market in Western Europe or North America will exceed 3% CAGR growth to 2022. And China will all but match the US in terms of absolute growth, placing the two on an equal footing in terms of global importance, even though the US remains a larger market in absolute terms.
Ennèl van Eeden, Global Entertainment & Media Leader, PwC Netherlands, comments: "The story behind the Outlook’s global figures is a near-infinite accumulation of micro-stories, and a dizzying array of different trends, at a territory and segment level. For almost every trend, there’s a counter-trend somewhere among the 15 segments and 53 territories."
"Also, the pace of change isn’t going to let up: technologies such as artificial intelligence (AI) and augmented reality will continue to redefine the battleground. Across all segments, technology is enabling content delivery to become progressively cheaper and more personalised. This heightens the urgency for companies to invest in technologies that will enable them to compete more effectively."
So, what are the forces behind the latest wave of convergence reshaping the industry?
The Outlook pinpoints five key drivers:
Across all the drivers and trends examined in the Outlook, one overarching imperative emerges: the absolute need to earn and sustain the trust of consumers and ecosystem partners. We’re in an era in which trust in many industries is at a historically low ebb and regulators are targeting media businesses’ use of data.
As a result, a company’s ability to maintain trust is becoming a vital differentiator. This can be especially challenging for entertainment and media companies, because they must demonstrate their trustworthiness across many dimensions, including content, data, monetisation, social impact and the appropriateness of advertising content. When building trust, content and brand form the foundation, starting with delivering on the promise of quality.
Given the vision of the industry’s future presented in the Outlook, how can companies position themselves for sustained success?
Christopher Vollmer, Global Advisory Leader for Entertainment and Media, PwC US, comments: "To succeed in the future that’s taking shape, companies must revisit every aspect of what they do and how they do it. This means going ‘above and beyond’ in how they envision their business, generate revenues, create and organise their capabilities and build and retain trust."
"And given the pace and scale of change under way, speed is vital. For many companies, the models, assets, practices and capabilities that support their businesses today will simply not be enough in the future. Standing still is not an option."